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  -财富与技术的象征

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 -最大众的交通工具

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 -最普及的运输车辆

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 -最有运动感的车辆

The Australian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP), carried out by the NRMA, commenced in 1992. It was based on the 56 km/h full-width frontal barrier test developed by the NHTSA for the US-NCAP.  Since then, its development has been heavily influenced by Euro-NCAP and the IIHS. It was clear from the observation of real-world crashes that an offset test was required.  Between 1993 and 1998 ANCAP conducted both full-frontal and offset crash tests, basing ratings on both tests.  Starting in 1999, ANCAP aligned its test and assessment procedures with those of Euro-NCAP

The Australian NCAP is a joint venture of the following organizations:

ANCAP assigns an overall rating to each vehicle model. The overall rating considers the deformation of the vehicle's structure and injury measures to the head, neck, chest, and upper and lower legs. Vehicle manufacturers were given the opportunity to examine their vehicles before and after the tests, and to view the crash tests. ANCAP data is most meaningful when assessing relative injury risk in vehicle crashes when vehicles compared are within a weight range of 230 kilograms.  

The frontal offset crash test into a fixed barrier is conducted at a speed of 64km/h. In this test, crash forces are concentrated on the driver's side of the vehicle. 40 per cent of the width of the car initially makes contact with the barrier, which has a crushable aluminium face on it. This simulates colliding with another vehicle.

Rating Categories

 GOOD 
 ACCEPTABLE
 MARGINAL
 POOR

The side impact test consists of running a 950kg (2090 lb) trolley into the driver's side of the test vehicle at 50km per hour.

Rating Categories

 GOOD 
 ACCEPTABLE
 MARGINAL
 POOR

Air Bags inflate very quickly in the event of a severe frontal crash. They are designed to work together with the seat belt and do not eliminate the need for a seat belt (The SRS in "SRS Air Bag" stands for Supplementary Restraint System). The inflated air bag cushions the head, of the occupant and prevents the occupant hitting the dash, steering wheel or windscreen.

A typical air bag starts to inflate within about 2 one-hundreths of a second of the start of the crash and is fully inflated some 3 one-hundredths of a second later. The occupant is thrown forward into the air bag at about this time and starts to sink deeply into the air bag. After about one-tenth of a second the air bag begins to deflate, having served its purpose.

Full-width frontal crash tests conducted by the Federal Office of Road Safety and Australian NCAP compared the protection from serious head injury provided by driver's air bags. The results are set out in the brochure Air Bags Enhance Safety. The Holden Commodore, Mitsubishi Magna and Toyota Camry were tested with and without a driver's air bag. For the Commodore and Camry without an air bag the risk of serious head injury was about double that of the same model with a driver's air bag. The Magna was the best performer of vehicles without an air bag but the risk of serious head injury was four times that of the vehicle with an air bag.

For further information on Australian NCAP test procedures please read the following research papers written by Australian safety engineer Michael Paine: 1. Consumer Crash Tests: The Elusive Best Practice | 2. Offset Crash Tests | 3. Guidelines for Crashworthiness Rating Systems 


 
  轿车工业
越来越多的中国人拥有汽车或汽车梦,这个潜在的庞大市场吸引海内外汽车制造商的进入,加入世界贸易组织(WTO)意味着中国市场面向世界开放。
 
 
  客车世界
高速公路网的建设以及城市公共交通服务水平的改善,中国巴士和客车的需求正不断地增长,《客车世界》资料的有偿服务将为你工作提供帮助。
 
 
  卡车天地
商用卡车一直在中国运输产业中起着重要作用,如何从质量、油耗、寿命和故障等方面考虑选择使用卡车却是一个新课题。
 
 
  摩托车界
中国是自行车的王国,也是全球最大的摩托车制造商。当自行车逐渐被摩托车所取代后,电动自行车的市场前景究竟有多大?
 






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